<html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-16"> <meta name="keywords" content="uh0u00f[v0000, u, un0xvz, u0, u0h0o0, u0n000000"> <title>u0h0un0WywX - Pain Relief00^yL}0000n0tkSt^h</title> </head> <body text="#000000" bgcolor="#ffffff" link="#cd1039" vlink="#1c74ff" alink="#0000dd"> <table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0> <tr><td colspan=4><table border=1 cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0 bgcolor="#0000cc"><tr><td bgcolor="#cceeff" valign=middle nowrap><b><font color="#0000cc">%u0h0un0tkSt^h</font></b></td> <td nowrap bgcolor="#ffffff"><b><a href="history.html" target="_parent"><font color="olive">all</font></a></b></td></tr></table></td></tr> <tr><td>!</td> <td><table border=1 cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0 bgcolor="#0000cc"><tr> <td nowrap bgcolor="#ffffff"><font color="olive"><a href="#block">00000 iT0O\Re</a></td><td nowrap bgcolor="#ffffff"><a href="#syringe">l\hV0YQT</a></font></td><td nowrap bgcolor="#ffffff"><a href="#war">&bN</a></font></td></tr></table></td> <td valign=middle>!#!</td> <td><table border=1 cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0 bgcolor="#0000cc"><tr> <td nowrap bgcolor="#ffffff"><a href="history-cocaine.html">@\@bT</a></td></tr></table></td></tr></table><br> <a name="block"></a><font color="olive">%^yL}'W000000 iT0O\Rej0i0</font> 0!!<a href="analg-block.html">0000Bvl</a>0<br><br> <ul> <table border=1 cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0> <tr><td valign=top><a name="nervepres"></a>1363t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Guy de Chauliac</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Chauliac" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 13000136800000n0Yy;S0Qy;S o00<font color="#0000cc">^yL}y^'W돓!1</font>k000uRg0)R(uW0f00KbS0Lc0f0D0_00 0Chirurgia magna 0o0016N}~0g00c0h00)jZB000000h0j0c0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>18C+g</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Charles Bell</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Bell" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 174401842 L0WW0_0Yyf[Yeyfk00 NRek0(uD0_00+gh^yL}'Wk000OTTlL0 U00f0D0_00</td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top><a href="history-all.html#Bernard">1851t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Claude Bernard</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Bernard" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 181301878, 0000n0utf[ L0000n08萤Na^yL}0ReY00h003L0)nK0O0j000@{}L0b5_Y00n000185101853t^n0uirf[Og0s0}j01XJT0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top colspan=2>1852t^ <font color="#0000cc">Charles Gabriel Pravaz</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Pravaz" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 179101853, 000n0Yy;S k000<a href="#syringe">l\hV</a>n0zvf<br> <a href="#Pravaz">1853t^</a>0<font color="#0000cc">Alexander Wood</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Wood" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 181701884, 00000n0mi;S L0Pravazl\hV0聊^O(u0!!<a href="#1855" ;background-color:#ffffcc">l\hVn0tkS</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Billroth"></a>1872t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Theodor von Billroth</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Billroth" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 18290189400000n0Yy;S L0<a href="pain-neuralgia.html#sciatic">PW^yL}u</a>0}r_g0lBvArchiv fur Klin Chir von Langebeck 0Silas Weir Mitchell182901914 0Wfg0^yL}}r_l0֊X00N_S0n0lBvlL0nfSW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top colspan=2><a href="history-cocaine.html#Koller">1884t^</a>k0<font color="#0000cc">Carl Koller</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Koller" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 185701944, 0000n0@\</font>h0W0f0<a href="#cocaine">0000</a>n0zv0!!<a href="history-cocaine.html#Koller" background-color:#ffffcc">@\n0tkS</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Halsted"></a><a href="history-cocaine.html#Halsted">1884t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">William Stewart Halsted</font> (<a href="../pain/people3.html#Halsted" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 185201922, 00000n0Yy;S o00000L0^yL}y^g0n0O\0bk00S0h00[OTTl</a>n0WS0\Oc0_00<a href="analg-bl-somat.html#brachial-plexus">U^yL}S0000</a>0Lc0f0D0000<b font style="color:black;background-color:#ffffcc">!</b><a href="history-cocaine.html#Halsted" font style="color:black;background-color:#ffffcc">s0}</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Corning"></a><a href="history-cocaine.html#Corning">1885t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">James Leonard Corning</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Corning" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 185501923, 000000n03Yy;S L00 ĚTk000000leQW0f00 NJS0T iT W0_00S0n0elk00c0f00kWp0fZNyu`n0!quKbSL0Sh0j0c0_00Corningo0<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#spinal"> iT</a>k0d0D0f0 W0_0L003 Ěmn0AmQk0d0D0f0fK00f0D0j0D0n0g00<a href="analg-bl-epi.html#epi">lxYT</a>0Lc0_0h0H00000]0n0_ 0@\@bTl 00QHrW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Oberst"></a><a href="history-cocaine.html#Oberst">1889t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Maximilian Oberst of Halle</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Oberst" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 1184901925, 000 L00ck0NOo^n000000bNW00<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#conduction">OTTl</a>0N,k0^O0_(uW0_00OberstT Oberst's method </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Alexander"></a><a href="analg-bl-sympa.html#Alexander">1889t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Alexander</font>000000000000 L0f00K00lBvk00R0f08萤Na^yL}n0RRd0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Jonnesco"></a><a href="analg-bl-sympa.html#Jonnesco">1896t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Thomas Jonnesco</font>=Thoma Ionescu <a href="../pain/people3.html#Leriche" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 1860/9/1301926/3/28, 00!00000 Bucharestn0Yy;S L0fr^yL}{0000</a>0Lc0_001899t^k0o0<a href="pain-orofacial.html#eye">}Q</a>n0lBvn0_008萤Na^yL}RdS0LD001902t^k0o0 NS^yL}u01905t^k0o0^yL}.~uoptical nerve atrophy 01917t^k0o0Y8Rn0@{kangioma of the external carotid artery 1921t^k0o0 Tin0KbSg0<a href="pain-chest.html#myocardial">r_u</a>n0lBvk0bRW0_00]0n0b>~01920t^k0zvhW0_001900t^k0o0lumbar sympathectomy01901t^k0o0sacral sympathectomy01922t^k0o0peri-arterial sympathectomy0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Bier"></a><a href="history-cocaine.html#Bier">1898t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Karl Gustav August Bier</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Bier" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 186101949, 000'Yf[n0Yy;S o00|_ꁫ0ih0W0f00<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#cocaine">0000</a>k0000piTn0聊^[0Lc0_00o0X00f0n0 0<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#spinal"> iT</a> 0n0聊^_(ug0B000pi0z:RW000000nm0leQW0f00T0W0_00<font color="#0000cc">Corning</font><a href="history-all.html#Corning">!</a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Corning" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 185501923 n0Bfh0o0UD00CSFL0tVM0QY0S0h0L0xU00f0D000l\hVo0O0Z00jnSU00_0ݑh0 <a href="#Luer">Luer locks</a>0O(uW0_00Biero00 iT_n0-uk0`~0U000CSFn0n\n0_00k0wVY00h0H000}D0000n0ݑ0OF0S0h00chYW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Jaboulay"></a>1899t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Mathieu Jaboulay</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Jaboulay" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 1860/7/301913/11/4 00n0Yy;S0<a href="#Leriche">Leriche</a>n0+^ S L0 Nyn0u0k0N^yL}y^00Bl_'`^yL}L0NY00h0H00RhTVNa^yL}RdS0Lc0_00ؚ@'Wn0lBvk000Na^yL}RdS00RhTVNa^yL}RdS0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1899t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Charles Emile Franois-Franck</font>184901907, 0000n0utf[ L08J00s0n0Na^yL}y^n0Rdk00c0f00_ӁK00n0Bl_'`}}0neY00h00<a href="pain-chest.html#myocardial">r_u</a>L0S0dK000g0B00F0h0NW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Sicard"></a>1901t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Jean-Anthanase Sicard</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Sicard" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 18720192900000n0>e\}y;S h0<font color="#0000cc">Fernand Cathlin</font>18730194500000n0l?\hVy;S L0]00^00NˆT[k0<a href="history-cocaine.html">0000</a>0leQW0f0<a href="analg-bl-epi.html">lxYT</a>0聊^_(uW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1901t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Rudolf Schlosser</font> L0<a href="pain-neuralgia.html#trigem"> NS^yL}u</a>k0[Y00<a href="analg-block.html#alcohol">000000000</a>0Lc0_00 </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top colspan=2><a href="history-cocaine.html#procaine">1905t^</a>k0<font color="#0000cc">Alfred Einhorn</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Einhorn" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 185601917, 000n0Sf[ k000<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#pro">Procaine</a> (Novocaine)n0Tb0!!<a href="history-cocaine.html#procaine" background-color:#ffffcc">@\n0tkS</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Sellheim"></a><a href="history-all.html#Sellheim">1905t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Hugo Sellheim</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Sellheim" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 187101936, 0000000n0#ufZNyYec L0<a href="analg-bl-epi.html#paravertebral">P iT</a>0[eW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Laewen"></a>1910t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Arthur Lwen</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Laewen" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 187601958, 00000000000'YYy L00NiT0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1911t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">George Hirschel</font>187501963, 000 L00<a href="analg-bl-somat.html#brachial-plexus">U^yL}S0000</a>Kzl 0Lc0_00brachial plexus block0Hirschel's axillary </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1911t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Diedrich Kulenkampff</font>188001963, 000 L00<a href="analg-bl-somat.html#brachial-plexus">U^yL}S0000</a> Nl 0Lc0_00brachial plexus block0Kulenkampff's supraclavicular </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Martin"></a><a href="analg-bl-surg.html#Martin">1911t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">William Gibson Spiller</font><a href="#Spiller">!</a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Spiller" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 186301940, 00000000n0^yL}utf[ o0 Ěk vk000 Nn0u0k0W00g0D00`0:eW0f00<font color="#0000cc">Edward Martin</font>Spillern0 TPn03Yy;S 0_W0f00 ĚMRtP"}yYtP 0!NtP'`k0RdY00h00u0L0m1YW0_00vSk0 Ěn0MRtP"}n0R*bS0Lc0_0<a href="analg-bl-surg.html#cordotomy">000000</a>n0Y~00g0B000</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1913t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Danis</font>0000 L00L}NT[^yL}0000transsacral anesthesia 0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="1914"></a>1914t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Charles Harrison Frazier</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Frazier" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 187001936, 00000000n03Yy;S o01914t^k0MRtP"}R*bS09eoW001920t^k0o00 NMOĚL0giMOg0B00h01XJTW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Leriche"></a><a href="history-all.html#Leriche">1915t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Ren Leriche</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Leriche" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 1879/10/1201955/12/28, 0000n0Yy;S)h0<font color="#0000cc">Fontaine</font>o00<a href="pain-crps.html">000000</a>n0lBvk0sympathectomy0chYW0_00<a href="history-block.html#WWI">1!kNLu'Y&b</a>n0PuQn0^yL} dP_n0oW0D0uun0SVo0Na^yL}n0NpR;mRk0000n0h0H00RhTVNa^yL}RdSperiarterial <a href="analg-bl-sympa.html">sympathectomy</a> 0Lc0_00Lericheo00u0n0YylBvk0Y00gRn0Yeyf0WW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1920t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Kotzareff A</font>L0<a href="react-thermo.html#hyperhidrosis">YWlu</a>n0lBvk0R0f0k000萤Na^yL}neS0L0c0_00S_0GrtP'`n0Tbn0YWlL0m1YW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="1921"></a><a name="Mirave"></a>1921t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Fidel Pages Mirave</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Mirave" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 1886/1/2601923, 0000n0Qy;S L00pilxYTn043n0uO01XJTW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Labat"></a>1922t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Louis Gaston Labat</font><a href="../pain/people2.html#Silva" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 187601934, 0000 L0 0Text Regional Anesthesia :SWTf[ 00WW0_0k0o00{0h00i0n0@\@bTlo0xzU00f0D0_00@\@bT0OTT0 iTk0d0D0f0 W0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Royle"></a>1923t^<br>9g1e</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Norman Dawson Royle</font>1888/12/2401944, 0000n0teb_Yy;S h0<font color="#0000cc">John Irvine Hunter</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Hunter" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 1898/1/2401924/12/10, 0000n0VRf[) o0000000k000-YP_n0 Nn0u.~'`uk0W0030skn0,{N!kNLu'Y&bg0n0y_͎Nk00_YtP00000g0Na^yL}ne0Lc0_0h0S000P}go0o}Yg0B0c0_00|_0o01924t^k0000000g0PU00_0Yyf[Og0042 Nn0u.~'`u`k0[Y00 0lumbar ramisection 0n01XJT0W0_001924t^k0o0QӁ^yL}Ssplanchnic plexus n0Rek00c0f0ؚ@'Wn0lBv0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1924t^<br>7g24e</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Jules Diez</font>00000000 o0<a href="pain-vascular.html#tao">^X'`@h@{p</a>n0`k0p萤Na^yL}Rd0Lc0_0h0S000000000k0@AmL09eUW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1925t^<br>3g19e</td><td><font color="#0000cc">William Mayo</font>o00000n0Royle<a href="#Royle">!</a>0n0ub0*OUW00p萤Na^yL}RdSn0Kbbn0s0}0S_n0v@Amn0 YS0^M00<font color="#0000cc">Arthur Adson</font>h0<font color="#0000cc">George Brown</font>Mayo00000 k0OH0_00Mayoh0Adsono0 Nn0@{#e.~'`u`n0lBvk00_e00000posterior approach g0,{2萤Na^yL}{0ReY00h00u0h0_tL09eUU00_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1925t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Davis and Kanavel</font>o0MRe00000anterior approach g0 N萤Na^yL}y^0ReW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Mandl1"></a>1925t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Felix Mandl</font><a href="#Mandl2">!</a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Mandl" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 1892/7/801957, 0000!00000n0Yy;S L0<a href="analgesia/analg-bl-sympa.html#lsb">p萤Na^yL}0000</a>n0gRn0 0W0_00r_uk0[W0f00<a href="basic-ganglion.html#paravertebral">P iNa^yL}{</a>k01<a href="analg-nach-bloc.html#pro">iXx00000</a>n0xmdo00000Lc0_000000 </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1925t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Doppler</font>000 o0000n0P[[n0@{k06n0000000leQW00 NAmn0@{b5_0xW0_00 Nn0+gh^yL}u`peripheral vascular diseasePVD n0lBv_00k00p萤Na^yL}0000lumbar chemical sympathectomy LCS n0Rg007n000000k000'YRn0i_rg0xW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1926t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">George Swetlow</font>000000n0Yy;S o0r_uk0[W0f0o0^yL}k00U-uk0o0U-^yL}k00-uk0o0_-^yL}x0n0800000000000Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Ockerblad"></a><a href="analg-adr.html#Ockerblad">1927t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Nelse F. Ockerblad</font>0000Kansas'Yf[l?\hVy;S h0<font color="#0000cc">TG Dillon</font>L00 iTBfn0NO@'Wk0<a href="analg-adr.html#ephedrine">000000</a>0O(uW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1928t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Spurling</font>o00000000k000K NRn0RRek00c0f0uX0_0 Nn0000000n0lBvk00fr^yL}{h0,{N8Ě^yL}{n0RdS0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Dogliotti"></a>1931t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Achille Mario Dogliotti</font> <a href="../pain/people3.html#Dogliotti" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 1897/9/2501966/6/2, Turin, Italy Universita Di Torinon0Yy;S) L0<a href="analg-bl-epi.html#Dogliotti">epidural segmental anesthesia</a>0xzW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Telford"></a><a href="history-all.html#Telford">1935t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Telford ED</font>0L0 Nz00000supraclavical approach, supraclavicular approach n0Na^yL}neS0Lc0_00 Nz00000o0_e00000000u0L0\j0D0L00^yL}0@{0 dPY00000L0B000</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a href="history-all.html#Rovenstine">1936t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Emery Andrew Rovenstine</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Rovenstine" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 189501960 <a href="#Waters">Ralph M. Waters</a>n0gRn000000g0B000<font color="#0000cc">Emmanuel Papper</font>0<font color="#0000cc">Virginia Apgar</font>0<font color="#0000cc">Stuart Cullen</font>j0i00000n0Nhvj0Ty;S0YO0f0_00 L0New York Universityn0Bellevue Hospitalk0<font color="#ff0000">gRn0nerve block clinic for pain</font>0-zW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="White"></a>1935t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">James Clarke White</font><a href="#White2">!</a><a href="../pain/people3.html#White" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 188501981, 00000000}Tub MGHn03Yy;S o0Vn0YWlu`n0Na^yL}y^09500000g04xXW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Sjoqvist"></a>1938t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Olof Sjqvist</font><a href="../pain/people2.html#Sjqvist" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 190101954, 000000n03Yy;S L00<a href="pain-neuralgia.html#trigem"> NS^yL}u</a>n0lBvk0<a href="analg-bl-surg.html#trigeminal"> NS^yL} ĚReS</a>0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Lemmon"></a>1940t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">William T. Lemmon</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Lemmon" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 189601974000000000 L00c} ĚO00 NTContinuous spinal anesthesiaCSA 0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a href="#Hughes">1942t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Hughes J</font>0000n0Yy;S L0T NNa^yL}neSendoscopic thoracic sympathectomy<a href="analg-bl-sympa.html#ets">ETS</a>0R0f0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="White2"></a>1944t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">James White</font> <a href="../pain/people3.html#White" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> <a href="#White">!</a>o0p萤Na^yL}0000l09eoW0_000000ݑn0MOn0X}g0xW0j0L00000000Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1944t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Goetz RH</font>h0<font color="#0000cc">Marr JAS</font>000000 L0MRXK00n0L}X00000transthoracic approach g0RdS0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Mandl2"></a>1947t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Felix Mandl</font><a href="#Mandl1">!</a>o06n000000g00Nn0D}T~k0o0 dP0NH0Z0k0000n08萤Na^yL}{04xXW00Na^yL}n0<a href="analg-block.html#alcohol">000008lEN0000</a>k0d0D0f0:yUW0_0000000 </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1947t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Duncan Alexander </font>0000n0Ty;S o0^yL}4xXleQMRk0ݑn0MOn0xY00_00k0contrast media 0O(uW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1949t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc"> Herbert A. Haxton</font>Vn0Yy;S o0^X'`Ru`n0`n0p萤Na^yL}y^k010n0000000leQW0_00Na^yL}0000L0Z@'`n0Oo`gn0u00ۍLk0 gRg0B00S0h0L0:yU00_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1948t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Keegan & Garrett</font>o00<a href="pain-spinal.html#herniation">0000</a>k00c0f0 Ě9hn0'WU00f0D00`k00^yL}9h00000W0f00<a href="basic-spinaln.html#dermatome">000000</a>0y0_000<a href="http://home.swipnet.se/allez/NS/CNS215.htm" target=new>S</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="1951"></a>1951t^</td><td><a href="../pain/people2.html#Leksell" target="painright"><font color="#0000cc">Lars Leksell</font></a>00000n0000000'Yf[3^yL}Yy L0<a href="analg-block.html#gamma">Gamma knife radiosurgery</a> 0HhW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1954t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Kux E</font>L0gRk0<a href="analg-bl-sympa.html#ets">T NNa^yL}neS</a>0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1954t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Atkins</font>o0L}K N00000transaxillary approach </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Kux"></a>1954t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Kux M</font> 0000000 L0QKbSk0001400N Nn0Na^yL}J00s0QӁ^yL}Rd0LD00TYyn000000h0j0c0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1963t^</td><td><a href="../pain/people.html#Mullan"><font color="#0000cc">Sean Francis Mullan</font></a>L0<a href="analg-bl-surg.html#cordotomy">L}vvMRtP"}ReS</a>0YW0_00@\@bT N0[MO3KbSg0Strontium90ui0Oc0f00YtP Ě^n00000000Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Jannetta"></a>1967t^</td><td><a href="../pain/people.html#Jannetta" target="painright"><font color="#0000cc">Peter J. Jannetta</font></a>000000n03Yy;S o00<a href="pain-neuralgia.html#trigem"> NS^yL}u</a>k0[W0f0_\@{n'WS Microvascular decompression: <a href="analg-surg.html#janetta">MVD</a>0|Rvk0LD00<a href="#Dandy">Dandy</a>n00_;mU0[0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1969t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Cloward</font>o0̀tPck-N00000dorsal midline approach g0!NtPNa^yL}y^0RdW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1970t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc"> Reid W, Watt JK, Gray </font>o0X}N Ng0Na^yL}00000Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="1972"></a>1972t^</td><td><a href="../pain/people.html#Sindou" target="painright">Marc Sindou</font></a>0000Lyon'Yf[3Yy 0L00<a href="analg-bl-surg.html#drez">U_ᓄv_9h2eQ/^R S</a>0microsurgical DREZ0tomyMDT0gRk0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1976t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc"> Robert Boas</font>00000000n0Ty;S o0p萤Na^yL}0000n0_00k00radiopaqueX}^N'`0>e\} N'` n0^yL}4xX0͆IQlg0000000fluoroscopic monitoring W0f00^yL}4xXn0^L000xW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1984t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Wilkinson HA</font>L0L}vvk0fluoroscopic0Oc0f00L}vv<a href="analg-block.html#therm">ؚhTlqQVS</a>percutaneous thoracic radiofrequency sympathectomy 0Y0f0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1990t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Adler OB</font>h0<font color="#0000cc">Engel A</font>0o0CT000 N萤Na^yL}00000Lc0_0CT-guided chemical thoracic sympathectomy 0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Claes"></a>1992t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Gran Claes</font>h0<font color="#0000cc">Christer Drott</font> 000000 Bors hospital 0T NNa^yL}neSn0<a href="analg-bl-sympa.html#ets1">1000l</a>0HhW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1995t^</td><td><a href="../pain/people.html#Saberski" target="painright"><font color="#0000cc">Lloyd R. Saberski</font></a>h0</font><a href="../pain/people.html#Kitahata" target="painright"><font color="#0000cc">Luke M. Kitahata</font></a>L0<a href="analg-epi.html#epi">00000000</a>0:e`0Q0g0o0j0O00ba'`uun0lBvk0_(uW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>2002t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">King-Shun Chuang</font>0o0YWlun0lBvk0L}vv[MOv^yL}{RdS0Lc0_0percutaneous stereotactic thermocoagulation of upper thoracic ganglionectomy and sympathectomy 0</td></tr></table></ul><br> <a name="syringe"></a><font color="olive">0l\hV</font> <ul> <table border=1 cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>0</td><td>SN0000g0o00<a name="syringe"></a><font color="0000cc">l\hV!1</font>0`PU0[000F0j0-Nzzn0ݑg00{k0`0NL08l`n0u}T0_0000F0k00@{k0i0j0ir0leQW0f0D0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>AD2C</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Claudius Galen (Galenus)</font><a href="history-all.html#Galen">!</a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Galen" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 13102010000BfNn0 T;S o00i0n00F0j0<a href="#syringe">l\hV!2</a>0Oc0f0D0_0K0 Nfg0B00L003@{k0ir0leQW0f0D0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="intravenous-anes"></a><a href="history-all.html#intravenous-anes">1656t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">YQT!</font> intravenous anesthesiao00<font color="#0000cc">Robert Boyle</font>162701691 k00c0f0f0000<font color="#0000cc">Christopher Wren</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Wren" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 1632017230St. Paul's Cathedral0-W0_0Vn0^{[ k00c0f00zHhU00_00Wreno0000n0k00000n00-Nzzk0W0f0NQ0_0\On0<a href="#syringe">l\hV!</a>g00Rn0rk0<a href="history-opium.html#opium">000!</a>j0i0n0ir0leQW00F0h0W0f0D0_00SOD0k000000leQW00F0h0W0_0L00l01Yc0_0n0g00[0-NbkW0_000S<a href="http://www.cja-jca.org/cgi/content/full/47/4/367" target="new">1</a>/<a href="http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/cgi/content/full/9/2/207" target="new">2</a></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Elsholtz"></a><a href="history-all.htmlElsholtz">1665t^</a><br>1667t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Johann Sigmund Elsholtz</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Elsholtz" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 162301688, 000n0;S+^ h0<font color="#0000cc">Johann Daniel Major</font>163401693, 000n0Yy;S0Padua'Yf[g0f[MO o00Nn0<a href="history-block.html#syringe">Yl\!</a>h0pnBvlk0bRW0_0000g0<a href="#opium">000!</a>n0YQl\k000hQTKbS0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1845t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Francis Rynd</font>180201845, 000000Dublin's Meath Hospitaln0Qy;S o00<a href="#Pravaz">Pravaz</a>000eO00v N<a href="history-block.html#syringe">l\!5</a>g0`k0m0leQY00el02W00"Dublin Medical Press."k0b?zW0_00The word "syringe" is derived from "syrinx" and "syringos," Greek words for "pipe" and "tube."<a href="http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10288032&wwwflag=2&imagepos=5" target="new">1</a>/<a href="http://www.our-ireland.com/irish-inventors-fr.html" target="new">2</a></td></tr> <tr bgcolor="#ffffcc"><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Pravaz"></a>1852t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Charles Gabriel Pravaz</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Pravaz" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 179101853, 000n0Yy;S L0ё^\n0[(uvj0<a href="#syringe">l\hV!4</a>00000l\hV 0\ObW0_00R$vk0iXSDn04lnm0 leQY00_00k00cmxhV09e W0f00o0X00f0l\hV0\ObW0_00\O,{NS_jo00Ng00000n00000000ubD^\ZSir(k0@b5U00f0D000ё^\g00QR{k0o0m0X0q\L0;R~00f0D0f0000000VW0j0L00m0leQY000l\hVn0HQk000000g0o0j0O00-Nzzn0ݑ0d0Q0_0S0h00;ugvj0zvf0l\ݑn0QT0Y0_00k00000000O00f0D0_00S0n0elo0fn0P}g0!qRg0B00h0f[Og0yb$RU000|_o0t^1Yan0F0a0k0N0Sc0_00</td></tr> <tr bgcolor="#ffffcc"><td valign=top><a name="1855"></a><a name="Wood"></a>1853t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Alexander Wood</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Wood" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target=new>P</a> 181701884, 00000n0mi;S o00<font color="#0000cc">Daniel Ferguson</font>0000Qn0_jwQ mi L0\Oc0_00000Wl\hVn0HQzk0ň@wY00-Nzzn0ݑ0zvfW0_00<a href="history-block.html#syringe">l\hV!</a>h0ݑ0(uD0f00k0<a href="history-all.html#opium">0000!</a>0@\@bk0leQW00^yL}u0lBvW0_00Wood o0S000n0uRgo0@\@bRg`0h0H0f0D0_00S000n01XJTn0_0l\hVh0ݑn0000o0N,vj0qS`h0j000YO0n0聊^;SL0S000Oc0f0un0_00k00000n0v Nl\0Lc0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Hunter-C"></a>1860t^</td><td> <font color="#0000cc">Charles Hunter</font>0000n0Yy;S0St George's Hospitaln0[^;S o0`n0k vk000000l\W0_00Huntero000000o0SOn0i0S0k0l\W0f000O00]0n0uRgo0uuMOx0l\W0_04XTh0 TX0g0B00h0;N5_W0f00<font color="#0000cc">Wood</font><a href="#Wood">!</a>h0֊Nk0j0c0_00 0<font color="#0000cc">v Nl\ hypodermic injection</font> 0h0D0F0Io00Hunterk00c0f0\O00_00 </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Mansvelt"></a>1865t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Constant George van Mansvelt</font><a href="../pain/people3.html#Mansvelt" font style="color:red;background-color:#ffffcc" target="painright">P</a> 183201912 0000n0;S+^ L0<a href="history-block.html#syringe">l\hV</a>0w]k0cc0f0M0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top><a name="Luer"></a><a href="history-all.html#Luer">1896t^</a></td><td><font color="#0000cc">Hermann Wlfing Luer</font>00g0;mW001883t^k0NO0j0c0_0000N o0hQ000n0<a href="history-block.html#syringe">l\hV</a>09}NW001898t^k0]0n0yr10Becton, Dickinson an Companyk0XtSW00$2.50g0XU00_00<br>000000_l\R{h0o00000n0nk0l\ݑ0m0X000F0k0VU0[0j0L00ň@wY00000n000000ݑL00000k0W0c0K00h0V[U000leQBfk0'WL0K0K0c0f00ݑL0l0Q0j0D00F0k0j0c0f0D000 </td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1900t^</td><td>u0WNKNRh0vgXqgN^y0u L00V#un0000<a href="#syringe">l\hV!</a>zvW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>1906t^</td><td><font color="#0000cc">Dewitt</font>h0<font color="#0000cc">Herz</font>0000 L0vv0NM0n0l\hV0\ObW0_00ё^\n0plunger h0|[k0xxU00_0000R{K00g0M0f0D0_0 0R{h0000000n0o000L0'`</tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1921t^</td><td>-N]\VΐqgS^V'Yf[IgQgYy L00 000000k000L}YvpnTl 0re 0zvhW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1949t^</td><td>s|Vg00hQ000000n000000000<a href="#syringe">0000!</a>L0[bW0_00Arthur E. Smitho00000000000000k008d0n00000U.S.A 0S_W0_00(1949-50)</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1954t^</td><td>Becton, Dickinson and Company L0000n00000<a href="#syringe">0000!</a>h0ݑ0'Yϑu#uW00Dr. Jonas Salks| o00hQs|NNn0P[i00k0000n000000l\W0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1955t^</td><td>Roehr Productso00Rn0000000n00000n0v Nl\(u<a href="#syringe">0000!12</a>5000 0\OW00Monojecth0|T0`00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1962t^</td><td>e,gg0000>yL000000000n000000000<a href="#syringe">l\hV!</a>0TSW0_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1964t^</td><td>00000000l\ݑL0zvXU00_00</td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap>1976t^</td><td>Evans JM0k00c0f0 gRn0<a href="analg-adm.html#pca">PCA</a>\(u_jhVL0zv0^U00_00</td></tr> </table></ul><br> <a name="war"></a><font color="olive">0&bNh0͎;Sk000u0lBvn0zvT</font>0S<a href="http://www.asahq.org/Newsletters/2002/10_02/feature3.htm" target=new>1</a> <ul> <table border=1 cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0> <tr><td valign=top>000͎n0`_</td><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#Dioscorides" target="painright">Pedanius Dioscorides</a><br>AD40090<br>00v^n0͎;S</td><td valign=top><ul><li> 0De Materia Medica ir 0<a href="history-opium.html">000</a>n0BdSel0Y\O(uh0u\O(un0</ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top>[Ye&bN</td><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#Pare" target="painright">Ambroise Pare</a><br>151001590</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Pare">1545t^</a>0uRn0ߎk000lBv<li>P}.}k000bk@lg0YP0Ren0lBv</ul></td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top><a name="Petit"></a>0000sMO}b&bN<br>170101713</td><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#Petit" target="painright">Franois Pourfour du Petit</a><br>166401741<br>0000n0Yy;S</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-brain.html#Petit">1710t^</a>0SONSn0zv</ul></td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top><a name="Hunter"></a>Seven Years' War<br>Nt^&bN<br>175601763</td><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#Hunter" target="painright">John Hunter</a><br>172801793<br>Vn0Yy;S0VRf[</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Hunter">1794t^</a>0@\@b0QtSW0f00]0n0MOn0a0uU0[0f0K000000RH00S0h00Y0Y00f0D0_00<br> 0A Treatise on Blood, Inflammation and Gun-Shot Wounds 0</ul></td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top>0000&bN<br>1808t^<br>00000&bN<br>1812t^</td><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Larrey"></a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Larrey" target="painright">Dominique Jean Larrey</a><br>176601842<br>00000͎n0͎;S</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Larrey">1808t^</a>0QtSk000VReBfn0u</ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top rowspan=3><a name="US-Civil-War"></a><a href="history-all.html#US-Civil-War">WSS&bN</a><br>U.S. Civil War<br>186101865</td><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Mitchell"></a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Mitchell" target="painright">Silas Weir Mitchell</a><br>182901914</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Mitchell">1866t^</a>0<a href="pain-phantom.html">{^u</a>h0<a href="pain-crps.html">000000</a>k0d0D0f0 </ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#DaCosta" target="painright">Jacob Mendes Da Costa</a><br>183301900</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#DaCosta">1871t^</a>0<a href="pain-stomache.html#ibs">IBS</a>in0gR</ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top colspan=2>WSS&bNBfk0o00S͎`0Q0g0280N000n0000000h0500,000N n0000 0mW0_0h0D000040NNn0uQXL0000-Nkk0ec0_0h0D0F0L0B000<a href="analg-opioid.html#morphine1">0000</a>n0<a href="#Wood">l\</a>o0Q gk0ky00h0aX01Y0[00S0h0j0O0uRg0ŏk00_00Y00WSS&bN0^uQTQ0k0000n0OXU00f0D0f00Ypen00^uQL0S0n0l\(u0000k0=nh0j000S0n0S0h0K000000-Nko0 0uQu 0h0W0f0^O0w000S0h0h0j0c0_00</td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top rowspan=2><a name="WWI"></a>WWI<br>191401919</td><td valign=top nowrap><a href="../pain/people3.html#Leriche" target="painright">Ren Leriche</a><br>187901955<br>0000n0Yy;S</td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Leriche">1915t^</a>0<a href="pain-crps.html">000000</a>k0[W0f00<a href="analg-bl-sympa.html">+ghNa^yL}neS</a>0chY</ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Guillain"></a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Guillain" target="painright">Georges Charles Guillain</a><br><a href="../pain/people3.html#Barre" target="painright">Jean-Alexandre Barr&#233</a><br><a href="../pain/people3.html#Strohl" target="painright">Andr&#233 Strohl</a></td><td valign=top><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#Guillain">1916t^</a>0<a href="pain-immun.html#GBS">0000000uP</a>n01XJT</ul></td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top rowspan=3>WWII<br>193901945</td><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Livingston"></a><a href="../pain/people3.html#Livingston" target="painright">William Livingston</a><br>189201966<br>Oakland Naval Hospital</td><td><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#1943">1943t^</a>0<a href="pain-crps.html">000000</a>0+T0+gh^yL}[k0d0D0f0Qn00000k01279On0 <li>periarterial sympathectomies, ganglionectomies, and novocaine blocks <li><a href="pain-poly.html#cycle">u0n0`_t</a></ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Beecher"></a><a href="../pain/people2.html#Beecher" target="painright">Henry Knowles Beecher</a><br>190401976<br>U.S. Army<br>0S0000h00000</td><td><ul><li><a href="history-all.html#1955">1955t^</a>0 0Pain in Men Wounded in Battle 0mKb0c0f0D00uQXL00000j0i0n0u0BlW0j0K0c0_0S0h001XJT <li><a href="anat-antinoci.html#sia">0000u</a> <li> 0The Powerful Placebo 0<a href="analg-placebo.html">0000</a>n0Rg</ul></td></tr> <tr><td valign=top nowrap><a name="Laborit"></a><a href="../pain/people2.html#Laborit" target="painright">Henri Laborit</a><br>191401995<br>wm͎͎;S</td><td><ul><li>ꁋ_^yL}n0000000k0000000k0e0uQX0:_0L}K000&b_b00000n0xvzN zg00<a href="analg-dopa.html#chlorpromazine">00000000</a>n0b|^yuRg0zv</ul></td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top rowspan=3><a name="Vietnam"></a>Vietnam war<br>196001975</td> <td colspan=2 valign=top>0000o0Nd0n0&bNg0WeSW0_00r0h0d0o0&bN00F0r0h0d0o0&bN Drug Warsg0B00000000o0WS0000n0ЙYuW0_0hQx͎uQXn035%L0<a href="analg-opioid.html#heroin">0000</a>0(uD0_0S0h0L0B00020%o0RR-Nk00000-Nkk0K0K0c0f0D0_0S0h000_00Richard Nixon'Yq}o00000k0[Y00&bN0[W00<a href="history-opium.html#Vietnam">1973t^</a>k0irqN(u[V{k0Jerry Jaffe0N}TW0_00</td></tr> <td colspan=2 valign=top><a href="history-aspirin.html#ketamine">ketamine</a>g0TU00_0PuQk00S-Nk0&NY0_0{^SO0W0_0h0D0F0qL0^~0c0_0h0D0F00<a href="history-aspirin.html#Vietnam">!</a></td></tr> <td colspan=2 valign=top>0000&bNK00n00^uQk0YO0000_0ur0<a href="react-stress.html#PTSD">PTSD</a>h0W0f01XJTU00_00</td></tr> <tr><td nowrap valign=top><a name="Gulf-War"></a>~n\&bN<br>Gulf War<br>1991</td> <td colspan=2 valign=top>~n\&bNuP Gulf War syndrome<br>0~n\&bNk0_͎W0_00000͎00000͎I{n0YVM|͎uQXk00ƖVvk0zvuW0_0h0U0001ku0uRa0u00a[0&P `a0{uj0i0n0N#n0urn0}y</td></tr> </table></ul><br> <br><br><table border=0 align=right vlaign=bottom><tr> <td bgcolor="#0000cc"><a href="index.html" target="_top"><font color="#ffffff"><b>Pain 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