Jaguar, which started an automobile production rather later, participated the motor sports such as 24 hours of Le Main and saloon car races and made great records. Thus Jaguar is famous as a sports car and sporting saloon builder now.
A representative sports car after the WW II. Prewar SS-100 was named after its maximum speed over 100 miles per hour, while XK-120 quoted 120 miles per hour. Actually it was proven in Belgium. The engine is 3400 cc DOHC inline six "XK" engine. Three body styles exist; roadster, fixed head coupe (FHC) and dropped head coupe (DHC). The windscreen is splitted at the center. At the begining of the production there were XK120 with an aluminium body.
The most mass-produced car in the XK series sports car. Its displacement and so on were not changed from XK-120, the engine was slightly tuned. For your information, a tail lump unit of XK-140 is quite identical with those of Austin-Healey Sprite Mk1, MG-A 1500 and Morris Minor. It was good old days a luxury car and a popular car used the same parts.
The last of XK series have a curved windscreen. The engines were 3400 and 3800 XK inline six. XK-150S had more tuned engine. The body styles were roadster, DHC and FHC. Most XK-150 were exported to USA.
Right to left,
XK-150 FHC, XK-120 DHC, XK-120 Roadster, XK-120 DHC. At that era, Jaguar distinguished DHC's from roadsters. A roadster has a simple windscreen, while DHC is a roof-less model of Fixed Head Coupe. DHC is placed as a luxuary model.
- C-type, D-type, XK-SS
C-type is a special XK-120 for the race and called XK-120 C-type in official. D-type is its successor. Most of them were for the race, but some road-going cars existed. There are a lot of replicas of C-type and D-type.
I never saw real C-type, D-type nor XK-SS.
A representative sports car in the 60's had a typical long nose and a short deck. Series 1 had 3800 cc DOHC inline six XK engine. Series 1.5 had a increased displacement to 4200 cc. There were three body styles; DHC, FHC and 2+2. A Lightweight was made as a rare model of Series 1. The location of headlights were pulled forward to meet US regulation in Series 1.5. Series 2 had side lumps changed and Series 3 had an exophthalmos! I do think the most beautiful E-type was Series 1. Series 3 mounted an enormous 5300 cc V12 engine. This engine is mounted on last XJ-12 and Daimler Double Six.
A rare Lightweight model.
- Mk IV
Mk IV is a real successor of a prewar SS-100 and did not mount an XK engine but 3400 cc OHV inline six.
- Mk IX
Full-size sedans begining from Mk IV reach to a peak at Mk IX. While Mk X has a modernized body which is almost identical with 420G and resembles to XJ-6 S1, Mk IX is the last car which consists of a chassis and a majestic body. The engine is 3800 cc XK engine.
- Mk 2, 240, 340
They are the representative saloons in the 60's. Although Mk X is placed above Mk 2, it is a chauffeur-driven car not an owner-drive one. A compact Mk2's body fit to the Japanese small car category. The displacements of XK engine are 2.4, 3.4 and 3.8 litter. 3.8 litter engine extracted 220 bhp drove its light body to 200 km per hour. The brake was a servo-assisted 4 wheel disk. The performance of this compact sedan was extraordinary in 1959. In 1967 Mk 2 was changed to 240 and 340 which had cheaper interior and exterior trims. The compact saloon family had disappeared in 1969.
- S-type, 420
S-type, one of the derivatives of Mk 2 had an independent rear suspension system from Mk X. This made the tail of the body longer. This modification spoiled the beautiful body line of Mk 2 but contributed the stability and comfort. S-type had 3400 cc and 3800 cc XK engines. When the displacement was enlarged to 4200 cc, the front face of the body was changed to a Mk X/420G lookalike, which resembled to that of later XJ-6 Series 1.
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